Professor, Beijing University
This article was presented by Professor Xie Long at "Christianity and China: Church, Society, and Culture," the sixth annual Conference of Chinese Scholars of Christianity and Other Religions in North America, held in Chicago June 6-14, 2001, and hosted by the Chinese Christian Scholars Association of North America.
In 1871, Hui-Wen School, a predecessor of Yenching Universtiy, was founded in Beijing by American Methodists. Hui-Wen had a college extension as early as the 1880s. When Yenching University was founded in 1918, Hui-Wen had been in operation for more than thirty years, and became the largest among several Christian schools merged into Yenching. Hui-Wen made a great pioneering contribution to the modernization of Chinese period:
1. The development of Beijing's Hui-Wen School during Geng Zi incident;
2. The influence of John Leighton Stuart (1876-1962) and other noted figures on the Christian schools' merging and Yenching's establishment;
3. The outstanding contributions made to Hui-Wen by two presidents - Hiram H. Lowry (1843-1924) and Gao Feng-shan (1882-1973) - during the school's early years.